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MOVING TOWARDS DIALOGUE BETWEEN MAN AND MACHINE

. IBM was founded in 1911 as a Computing Tabulating Recording Company (CTR) which manufactured tabulators, commercial scales and meat and cheese slicers. A century later, it is now the 4th largest company in terms of market capitalization, with a presence in 175 countries and 380,000 employees worldwide.

 

. For the last 22 years it has held the record for most patents registered by a business. Just in 2014 it registered a total of 7,534.

 

. IBM scientists have been awarded 5 Nobel prizes.

 

. IBM technology processes 70% of world data, 90% of credit card transactions and 80% of airline reservations.

 

. A leader in innovation, IBM has invested 60 billion dollars in R&D&I and has built a network of 12 research laboratories in the last decade.

 

Some technological innovations by IBM:

 

  • The first punched cards at the beginning of the 20th century, which marked the beginning of the Information Society.
  • Magnetic tape for data storage, precursor to the data storage market.
  • The first large company computer.
  • The first personal computer (PC).
  •  The first blood-pumping system that enabled the first open heart surgery to be carried out.
  • The barcode.
  • The magnetic strip on credit cards.
  • The scanning tunneling microscope, which enabled the very first imaging of surfaces at the atomic level and sparked the development of nanotechnology.
  • The chip that emulates the functioning of the human brain.
  • The IBM Watson cognitive system, which is able to understand the natural language of people and learn from each interaction.